Height, Age, and Weight in DnD 5e: How 38 Races Stack Up

Last Updated on November 29, 2022

In this article, we’ll be going over height, age, and weight playable races in 5e.

We’ll discuss the few mechanics of this, how to roleplay age-appropriately, and anything silly that exists in 5e related to these topics. 

How Does Size Work in 5e?

Every creature and even object, has a size in D&D 5e that impacts the mechanics of 5e. For playable races, this is typically medium, although certain outliers do exist.

This means that most player characters are between 4 and 8 feet tall, along with a few other mechanics.

One of the main mechanic points of size is how much space a creature takes on the battlefield. For both medium and small creatures, this is one 5×5-foot square.

In the table below we show how much space a creature takes up.

Creature Size

Size SpaceNumber of 5×5 foot squares
Tiny2 ½ ft x 2 ½ ft.½ of a square
Small5 x 5 ft.1 square
Medium5 x 5 ft.1 square
Large10 x 10 ft.4 squares 
Huge15 x 15 ft.9 squares
Gargantuan20 x 20 ft. 16 squares

Size can also affect how much a creature can lift and carry. Medium or small creatures can carry a number of pounds equal to 15 times their strength score and lift double that.

For each creature size larger than medium, you double that equation (meaning a gargantuan creature can lift 240 times their strength score).

This is important for playable races like the Goliath who are size medium but treated as size large when it comes to carrying capacity or lifting, pushing, and dragging items.

How Do I Calculate My Character’s Height and Weight?

Fifth edition D&D uses a simple formula to calculate the height and weight of most playable races. Each uses a base number and a random number.

For height, this is your Base Height + your Height Modifier (which is in inches). For weight, this is your Base Weight plus your Height Modifier multiplied by your Weight Modifier.

We’ll use humans as an example (which you can see below). Humans have a Base Height of 4’8”, a Height Modifier of 2d10, a Base Weight of 110 lb. and a weight modifier of 2d4. 

  • Height = 4’8” + 11 (2d10) = 5’7”
  • Weight = 110 lb. + (11(2d10) x 5(2d4)) = 165 lb.

This method is for coming up with a random weight, but anything within or near the range would be acceptable. 

Mechanically, the only way these can really affect your characters is when you end up in very specific traps or puzzles.

A small creature can generally do anything that a large creature can do, but it shouldn’t be able to easily reach a button that is 6 feet up a wall. 

RaceBase HeightBase WeightHeight ModifierWeight ModifierAverage Height and Weight
Aarakocra4’4″901d61d64’8″ 106 lbs.
Bugbear6’0″1102d102d47’1″ 291 lbs.
Centaur6′6001d102d128’7″ 678 lbs.
Dragonborn5′ 6″1752d82d66′ 3″ 238 lbs.
Dwarf, Hill3′ 8″1152d42d64′ 1″ 150 lbs.
Dwarf, Mountain4′ 0″1302d42d64′ 5″ 165 lbs.
Elf54902d101d45’4″ 119 lbs.
Elf, Drow4’5″752d61d65’0″ 103 lbs.
Elf, High4′ 6″902d101d45′ 5″ 123 lbs.
Elf, Shadar-kai4’8″902d81d45’5″ 133 lbs.
Elf, Wood4’6″1002d101d45’5″ 133 lbs.
Firbolg6′ 2″1752d122d67′ 3″ 266 lbs.
Giff6′ 6″4002d82d87′ 3″, 517 lbs.
Githyanki5’0″1002d122d46’1″ 165 lbs.
Githzerai4’11”902d121d46’0″ 129 lbs.
Gnoll6’11”2761d62d47’3″, 296 lbs.
Gnome2′ 11″352d413′ 4″ 40 lbs.
Goliath6′ 2″2002d102d67′ 1″ 277 lbs.
Grung24231d1212’7″ 30 lbs.
Half-Elf4′ 9″1102d82d45′ 6″ 155 lbs.
Half-Orc4′ 10″1402d102d65′ 9″ 217 lbs.
Halfling2’7″352d413’0″ 40 lbs.
Halfling, Longshanks4′ 2″ (50″)802d81d64′ 11″ 116 lbs.
Human4’8″1102d102d45’7″ 165 lbs.
Kenku4′ 4″502d81d65′ 1″ 86 lbs.
Kuo-toa4′ 7″1103d62d45′ 6″ 165 lbs.
Leonin6′ 6″1802d102d68’5″ 257 lbs.
Lizardfolk4′ 9″1202d102d65′ 8″ 197 lbs.
Loxodon6′ 5″2952d102d45′ 8″ 197 lbs.
Minotaur5′ 4″1752d82d66′ 1″ 238 lbs.
Orc5′ 4″1752d82d66′ 1″ 238 lbs.
Satyr4′ 8″1002d82d45’5″ 145 lbs.
Tabaxi4′ 8″902d102d45′ 0″ 120 lbs.
Tiefling4′ 9″1102d82d45′ 6″ 155 lbs.
Tortle4′ 11″4151d122d45′ 6″ 350 lbs.
Vedalken5′ 4″1102d102d4d5′ 10″ 140 lbs.
Warforged5’10”2702d646’5″ 298 lbs.
Yuan-ti4′ 8″1102d102d45′ 7″ 165 lbs.

How Do I Determine the Age of My Character?

Each playable race has a general lifespan, and your age can be anything in that range.

Typically, a playable race will also specify the age at which most members reach maturity. It’s a good idea to have your character be “mature,” but it’s by no means necessary.

You might often see a race’s age section mention some sort of relation to human longevity.

A certain species might “age at the same rate as humans,” or they might “mature at the same rate as humans” but live much longer or shorter. In these cases, just refer to the Human’s stats on the table below.

5e Age Chart (in years)

RaceAdulthoodLongevity
Aarakocra330
Bugbear1680
CentaurSame as humans.
Dragonborn1580
Dwarf50350
Elf100750
Firbolg30500
GithLate teens100
Gnome40350-500
GoliathSame as humans.
Grung150
Half-Elf20>180
Half-Orc1475
Halfling20150
Human18100
Kenku1260
Kuo-toa750
LeoninSame as humans.
Lizardfolk1460
Loxodon60450
MinotaurSame as humans.
Orc1250
SatyrSame as humans.
TabaxiSame as humans.
TieflingSame as humans, but live slightly longer.

*Before I leave you, I am once again here to say: Tortles should have the longest lifespans. At very least they should be on par with elves. WotC did this turtle-folk species injustice by making them a short-lived race.

Thanks for coming to my TEDtalk.